First results of groundbreaking study on EU audio-visual authors remuneration: a wake-up call
A median audio-visual author in Europe earns €18,000 from their work after tax, with an additional €2,000 coming from secondary payments including CMOs.
As the Copyright Directive discussions have entered a crucial phase in the European Parliament and Council, FERA and FSE call on EU policy-makers to take a stand to secure effective measures to ensure European audio-visual authors’ fair and proportionate remuneration. Without it, there can be no sustainable future for European audio-visual creation.
Although the European audio-visual industries’ turnover in 2012 was € 107.3 billion1, we at FERA and FSE know that, at national level, the majority of creators who produce the copyright goods on which the culture industries are built have extremely unstable incomes that are usually very modest. Investing the time, energy and resources necessary to create, has become increasingly difficult.
Preliminary results from the first ever, comprehensive, Europe-wide research aimed at mapping out the economic and social situation of European audio-visual authors2 paint a sobering picture of the brutal economic reality faced by creators in the European audio-visual sector.
Including all sources of personal income young authors have annual income of less than €15,000. If they can sustain a career, this rises to €30,000 for men and €24,000 for women at the age of fifty, following which it drops again to less than €15,000 at 65. As a result, they usually have other work either within the industry (50% of authors) or outside the industry (34% of directors and 42% of screenwriters).
Audio-visual authors receive about 10% of their income from secondary sources, necessary to bring more stability to mostly freelance and self-employed professional lives, which includes income from Collective Management Organisations. This shows the importance of their initial contract, from which most of their income originates.
Nonetheless, while four out of five authors (83%) “would never give up their job”, 81 % of young authors and 56% of established authors say that it is difficult to bargain a good contract.
European citizens’ appetite for the films, TV series, documentaries we create is constantly growing. Yet our creative community struggles to make ends meet.
It is past time the audio-visual industry and the European Union stop looking the other way while paying lip-service to the importance of creativity and cultural diversity.
“The first results of this study are clear : the current economic situation of the European audio-visual creators community is simply not sustainable. The Copyright Directive is a once-in-a-decade opportunity to take concrete action to fix this : we count on the JURI MEPS and Member States to step up.” said Robert Taylor, FSE President.
Dan Clifton, FERA Chair, added : “As a part of the EU audio-visual industry, we fight for a sustainable future for our sector, so that its specificities are taken into account in the EU audio-visual regulatory framework and ongoing copyright review. It is now the industry’s turn to show that it also has a sustainable vision for the future of its creative community.”
1. EY study Creating Growth – Measuring Cultural and Creative Markets in the EU, December 2014
2. The study, which will be published in full next September, is based on an online survey of FERA (Federation of European Film Directors) and FSE (Federation of Screenwriters in Europe) networks – 57 professional organizations in 26 European countriess. This research project was conducted by CuDOS’ team from Ghent University’s Department of Sociology.